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    Stilbenoids in grape cane (Vitis vinifera L.) are bioactive compounds relevant for plant defense and the potential valorization of this byproduct. Our screening of grape cane from 102 varieties showed constitutive stilbenoid levels in a wide range (557-7748 mg/kg of dry weight). Analyses of genetically distinct clones of selected cultivars unraveled that intravarietal variability (e.g., cv. Riesling, 3236-6541 mg/kg) was higher than that across samples from a single clone but different vineyard positions (3017-3710 mg/kg). Furthermore, stilbenoid levels in samples obtained in October, December, and February (3 years, 2017-2019) showed pronounced quantitative and qualitative variability and the highest yields upon December pruning. For instance, vitisin B and ε-viniferin in cv. Pinot Noir and Accent were predominant in 2017 and 2019 (both >90% of total stilbenoids) but not in 2018 (both <55%) when temperatures were high and precipitation low. In brief, we report the variability of stilbenoid levels in grape cane depending upon genetic and environmental factors.


    Paul Besrukow, Jan Irmler, Joachim Schmid, Manfred Stoll, Peter Winterhalter, Ralf Schweiggert, Frank Will. Variability of Constitutive Stilbenoid Levels and Profiles in Grape Cane (Vitis vinifera L.) Depending upon Variety and Clone, Location in the Vineyard, Pruning Time, and Vintage. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2022 Apr 13;70(14):4342-4352

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    PMID: 35352562

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