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    The application of exogenous biodegradation strains in pesticide-polluted soils encounters the challenges of migration and persistence of inoculants. In this study, the degradation characteristics, vertical migration capacity, and microbial ecological risk assessment of an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-tagged 2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA)-degrading strain Cupriavidus gilardii T1 (EGFP) were investigated in the laboratory and field soils. The optimum remediation conditions for T1 (EGFP) was characterized in soils. Meanwhile, leaching experiments showed that T1 (EGFP) migrated vertically downwards in soil and contribute to the degradation of MCPA at different depths. After inoculation with T1 (EGFP), a high expression levels of EGFP gene was observed at 28 d in the laboratory soil and at 45 d in the field soil. The degradation rates of MCPA were ≥ 60% in the laboratory soil and ≥ 48% in the field soil, indicating that T1 (EGFP) can efficiently and continuously remove MCPA in both laboratory and field conditions. In addition, the inoculation of T1 (EGFP) not only showed no significant impact on the soil microbial community structure but also can alleviate the negative effects induced by MCPA to some extent. Overall, our findings suggested that T1 (EGFP) strain is an ecologically safe resource for the in situ bioremediation of MCPA-contaminated soils. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Dandan Pan, Yue Xu, Yaxin Ni, Houpu Zhang, Rimao Hua, Xiangwei Wu. The efficient persistence and migration of Cupriavidus gilardii T1 contribute to the removal of MCPA in laboratory and field soils. Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987). 2022 Jul 01;304:119220

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    PMID: 35358633

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