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D-Xylose is a key component of lignocellulosic biomass and the second-most abundant carbohydrate on the planet. As one of the most powerful cyclo-lipopeptide antibiotics, fengycin displays strong wide-spectrum antifungal and antiviral, as well as potential anti-cancer activity. Pyruvate is a key metabolite linking the biosynthesis of fatty acids and amino acids, the precursors for fengycin. In this study, the genes encoding the Dahms xylose-utilization pathway were integrated into the amyE site of Bacillus subtilis 168, and based on the metabolic characteristics of the Dahms pathway, the acetate kinase (ackA) and lactate dehydrogenase (ldh) genes were knocked out. Then, the metabolic control module II was designed to convert glycolaldehyde, another intermediate of the Dahms pathway, in addition to pathways for the conversion of acetaldehyde into malic acid and oxaloacetic acid, resulting in strain BSU03. In the presence of module II, the content of acetic and lactic acid decreased significantly, and the xylose uptake efficiency increased. At the same time, the yield of fengycin increased by 87% compared to the original strain. Additionally, the underlying factors for the increase of fengycin titer were revealed through metabonomic analysis. This study therefore demonstrates that this regulation approach can not only optimize the intracellular fluxes for the Dahms pathway, but is also conducive to the synthesis of secondary metabolites similar to fengycin. KEY POINTS: • The expression and effect of the Dahms pathway on the synthesis of fengycin in Bacillus subtilis 168. • The expression of regulatory module II can promote the metabolic rate of the Dahms pathway and increase the synthesis of the fengycin. © 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


Wenting Gao, Ying Yin, Pan Wang, Wei Tan, Mingliang He, Jianping Wen. Production of fengycin from D-xylose through the expression and metabolic regulation of the Dahms pathway. Applied microbiology and biotechnology. 2022 Apr;106(7):2557-2567

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PMID: 35362719

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