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The chorion from the placenta is directly attached to the endometrium (CA) after embryo implantation while some parts of the endometrium are not chorion-attached (NCA). The differences in gene expression between the CA and NCA endometrium mid-gestation are unknown. Our objective was to compare the gene expression profiles of the CA and NCA endometrium of rabbit, to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs), and correlate the differences with the physiological state of the endometrium at mid-gestation of rabbit. We used transcriptome sequencing to reveal the differences in gene expression between CA and NCA endometrium (n = 3), and then determined the concentration of inflammatory cytokines in CA and NCA tissue and serum by ELISA. Six Hundred and Forty-Six DEGs were identified between the CA and NCA endometrium [p < 0.05, |log2 (fold change) |≥ 2], The expression levels of 590 DEGs were higher in the NCA endometrium than in the CA endometrium, while the expression level of only 56 DEGs were higher in CA than in NCA. The DEGs were enriched in gene ontology (GO) terms and pathways related to immune regulation and cellular adhesions. Six hub-genes related to inflammatory mediator regulation of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels and chemokine signaling pathways had a lower expression level in the CA endometrium compared to the NCA endometrium, and the expression levels of genes related to focal adhesion and extracellular matrix (ECM)-receptors were significantly higher in NCA endometrium than in CA endometrium. The level of pro-inflammatory cytokines accumulated in the CA endometrium, and high abundance of integrin-β and THBS1 were localized in the luminal epithelium of the NCA endometrium, but not in the CA endometrium. Our study reveals differences in gene expression between the CA and NCA endometrium at mid-gestation of rabbit, and suggests implications for endometrial physiological function. The CA endometrium showed relative low-level gene expression compared to the NCA endometrium, while the NCA endometrium performed physiological functions related to focal adhesion and ECM-receptor interaction. Copyright © 2022 Mei, Xu, Ren, Yu, Kuang, Li, Zhang, Lu, Wang, Guo, Xie, Huang and Zhang.


Xiuli Mei, Ling Xu, Yan Ren, Minjie Yu, Liangde Kuang, Congyan Li, Yan Zhang, Chuanzhi Lu, Zhicheng Wang, Zhiqiang Guo, Xiaohong Xie, Dengping Huang, Ming Zhang. Transcriptome Comparison of Chorion-Attached and Non-chorion-attached Endometrium in Mid-gestation of Rabbit. Frontiers in veterinary science. 2022;9:838802

PMID: 35372533

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