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Supplementation with estradiol (E2) is routinely used in frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles and embryo age plays an important role in conceiving. This study was to compare the effects of serum E2 levels on pregnancy outcomes between cleavage- and blastocyst-stage FET cycles using hormone replacement therapy. A total of 776 FET cycles (669 couples) performed from January 2016 to December 2019 were included in the present retrospective cohort study. Regarding cleavage-stage embryo transfers, E2 levels on progesterone initiation day were significantly lower in the ongoing pregnancy/live birth (OP/LB) group than in the non-OP/LB group (214.75 ± 173.47 vs. 253.20 ± 203.30 pg/ml; P = 0.023). In addition, there were downward trends in implantation, clinical pregnancy and OP/LB rates with increasing E2 levels. However, in blastocyst-stage embryo transfers, such trends were not observed, and E2 levels were not significant difference between the OP/LB group and the non-OP/LB group (201.66 ± 182.14 vs. 197.89 ± 212.83 pg/ml; P = 0.884). The results suggests that elevated progesterone-initiation-day E2 levels may negatively affect pregnancy outcomes during artificial cleavage-stage embryo transfers. However, it is not necessary to monitor E2 levels when transferring blastocysts in artificial FET cycles. © 2022. The Author(s).


Qing Li, Liming Ruan, Lingling Zhu, Zengyu Yang, Maoling Zhu, Yudi Luo. Elevated estradiol levels in frozen embryo transfer have different effects on pregnancy outcomes depending on the stage of transferred embryos. Scientific reports. 2022 Apr 04;12(1):5592

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PMID: 35379862

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