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We evaluated the cytotoxic and DNA cross-linking (CL) ability of four second generation platinum coordination complexes (TNO-6, JM-89, JM-8 and JM-9) delivered alone or in combination with 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl cytosine (ara-C) to human colon cancer cells (LoVo). Cell survival varied markedly as a function of the particular substitution moiety. JM-8 and JM-9 were virtually ineffective, even at concentrations as high as 50 micrograms/ml. At that concentration cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (cis-DDP) killed greater than 99.99% of the cells. JM-82 was slightly more active while TNO-6 was the only derivative with appreciably higher cytotoxic activity due to an abrogation of the shoulder region of the type C survival curve. The highest CL effect was observed for cis-DDP followed closely by TNO-6. Very little CL effects were demonstrated for the other three analogs JM-82, JM-8 and JM-9 when measured 6 h after treatment. The combination of cis-DDP and ara-C augmented 10-fold the cytotoxic activity of cis-DDP alone, an effect accompanied by an almost 2-fold increase in CL; every other analog failed to interact in a potentiating manner (either cytotoxicity, or CL at 6 h) with the antimetabolite. Thus, it appears clear that the associated moieties of the Pt coordination complex play a fundamental role in reducing the interaction of the analogs with DNA (as reflected by the decreased CL and cytotoxic effects produced by each agent alone) and in totally preventing their interaction with ara-C to yield a potentiating lethal effect.


B Drewinko, L Y Yang. Ligands of second generation platinum analogs decrease both platinum-induced DNA cross-linking and its ability to interact with 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl cytosine to potentiate cytotoxic efficacy. Chemico-biological interactions. 1986 Nov;60(2):159-69

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PMID: 3539374

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