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Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder for which dietary interventions can be a useful treatment. In recent years, the low-FODMAP approach is gaining traction in this regard. The fermentation of these non-absorbed carbohydrates by the gut microbiota can generate toxic glycating metabolites, such as methylglyoxal. These metabolites can have harmful effects by their role in the generation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which activates Receptor for AGEs (AGER). Mast cells can be stimulated by AGEs and play a role in IBS. We have treated mice with lactose or fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), with or without co-administration of pyridoxamine and investigated the colonic mucus barrier. We have found that an increased intake of lactose and fructo-oligosaccharides induces a dysregulation of the colonic mucus barrier, increasing mucus discharge in empty colon, while increasing variability and decreasing average thickness mucus layer covering the fecal pellet. Changes were correlated with increased mast cell counts, pointing to a role for the crosstalk between these and goblet cells. Additionally, AGE levels in colonic epithelium were increased by treatment with the selected fermentable carbohydrates. Observed effects were prevented by co-treatment with anti-glycation agent pyridoxamine, implicating glycation processes in the negative impact of fermentable carbohydrate ingestion. This study shows that excessive intake of fermentable carbohydrates can cause colonic mucus barrier dysregulation in mice, by a process that involves glycating agents and increased mucosal mast cell counts. © 2022 The Authors. The FASEB Journal published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.


J B J Kamphuis, Laurent Reber, H Eutamène, V Theodorou. Increased fermentable carbohydrate intake alters colonic mucus barrier function through glycation processes and increased mast cell counts. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 2022 May;36(5):e22297

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PMID: 35394686

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