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Identifying novel molecules involved in axon regeneration of neurons in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) will be of benefit in obtaining a therapeutic strategy for repairing axon damage both in the PNS and the central nervous system (CNS). Metabolism and axon regeneration are tightly connected. However, the overall metabolic processes and the landscape of the metabolites in axon regeneration of PNS neurons are uncovered. Here, we used an ultra high performance liquid tandem chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOFMS)-based untargeted metabolomics to analyze dorsal root ganglia (DRG) metabolic characteristics at different time points post sciatic nerve injury and acquired hundreds of differentially changed metabolites. In addition, the results reveal that several metabolic pathways were significantly altered, such as 'Histidine metabolism', 'Glycine serine and threonine metabolism', 'Arginine and proline metabolism', 'taurine and hypotaurine metabolism' and so on. Given metabolite could alter a cell's or an organism's phenotype, further investigation demonstrated that N, N-dimethylglycine (DMG) has a promoting effect on the regenerative ability post injury. Overall, our data may serve as a resource useful for further understanding how metabolites contribute to axon regeneration in DRG during sciatic nerve regeneration and suggest DMG may be a candidate drug to repair nerve injury. © 2022 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.


Junjie Zhang, Chunyi Jiang, Xiaohong Liu, Chen-Xiao Jiang, Qianqian Cao, Bin Yu, Yaohui Ni, Susu Mao. The metabolomic profiling identifies N, N-dimethylglycine as a facilitator of dorsal root ganglia neuron axon regeneration after injury. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 2022 May;36(5):e22305

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PMID: 35394692

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