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    The roles and molecular interactions of polyamines (PAs) in the nucleus are not fully understood. Here their effect on nucleosome stability, a key regulatory factor in eukaryotic gene control, is reported, as measured in agarose embedded nuclei of H2B-GFP expressor HeLa cells. Nucleosome stability was assessed by quantitative microscopy [1,2] in situ, in close to native state of chromatin, preserving the nucleosome constrained topology of the genomic DNA. A robust destabilizing effect was observed in the millimolar concentration range in the case of spermine, spermidine as well as putrescine, which was strongly pH and salt concentration-dependent, and remained significant also at neutral pH. The integrity of genomic DNA was not affected by PA treatment, excluding DNA break-elicited topological relaxation as a factor in destabilization. The binding of PAs to DNA was demonstrated by the displacement of ethidium bromide, both from deproteinized nuclear halos and from plasmid DNA. The possibility that DNA methylation patterns may be influenced by PA levels is contemplated in the context of gene expression and DNA methylation correlations identified in the NCI-60 panel-based CellMiner database: methylated loci in subsets of high-ODC1 cell lines and the dependence of PER3 DNA methylation on PA metabolism. Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Laszlo Imre, Erfaneh Firouzi Niaki, Rosevalentine Bosire, Peter Nanasi, Peter Nagy, Zsolt Bacso, Nubar Hamidova, Yves Pommier, Albert Jordan, Gabor Szabo. Nucleosome destabilization by polyamines. Archives of biochemistry and biophysics. 2022 Jun 15;722:109184

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    PMID: 35395253

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