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    Setting bone cutting levels for different joint line orientations of the medial and lateral tibia plateaus in individual patients is not clear. We aimed to evaluate the difference between joint line orientation of the medial and lateral tibia plateaus relative to the horizontal line of mechanical axis of tibia as tibial plateau difference (TPD) for an optimal tibial bone cut in medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) and determine which factors could influence TPD. We aimed to investigate the effect of preoperative TPD on polyethylene liner size in medial UKA. TPD in the coronal plane were measured in 181 female patients (181 knees). To determine the morphology of proximal tibia according to the severity of osteoarthritis, the patients were classified into three groups based on diagnosis and treatment: 80 who underwent robot-assisted medial UKA, 45 who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and 56 with early-stage osteoarthritis (OA) who had conservative management. Also, we divided the medial UKA group into two groups according to TPD (greater than or less than 5 mm) and compared polyethylene liner sizes. No significant difference was observed in TPD (p = 0.662), difference between the medial and lateral femoral condyle levels (p = 0.54), medial proximal tibial angle (p = 0.169), or posterior tibial slope (p = 0.466) among the three groups. Increased TPD was significantly associated with increased mechanical femorotibial angle(mFTA) (p < 0.01). The medial UKA group was divided into two groups according to TPD greater or less than 5 mm. Thicker polyethylene liners were used for groups with TPD greater than 5 mm (8.5 ± 0.7 mm versus 8.2 ± 0.3 mm, p = 0.01). Additionally, the proportion of patients using the thinnest polyethylene (8 mm) in each TPD group (greater or less than 5 mm) was higher in patients with TPD less than 5 mm (82.4% versus 58.7%, p = 0.038). Preoperative measurement of TPD is important to help surgeons predict the most appropriate bone cutting level in the coronal plane in primary medial UKA. Tibial bone resection would be likely to be thicker than needed in patients with increased TPD in medial UKA. © 2022. The Author(s).

    Citation

    Sager H Alruwaili, Kwan Kyu Park, Ick Hwan Yang, Woo-Suk Lee, Byung-Woo Cho, Hyuck Min Kwon. Difference between medial and lateral tibia plateau in the coronal plane: importance of preoperative evaluation for medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. BMC musculoskeletal disorders. 2022 Apr 09;23(1):342

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    PMID: 35397513

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