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Osteoclasts can sense the surface topography of materials. However, it is difficult to identify the structural factors that affect osteoclast formation and its function. Furthermore, we hypothesized that the type of osteoclast precursor cells also affects osteoclastogenesis in the materials. In this study, we investigated the effects of defined micro/nanoscale patterns on osteoclastogenesis from bone marrow cells (BMCs). Various cyclo-olefin polymer (COP) patterns were prepared using nanoimprinting. The effects of shape, size, and height of the patterns, and the wettability of the patterned surfaces on osteoclastogenesis from BMCs were evaluated in vitro. Osteoclast formation was promoted on pillars (diameter, 1 μm or 500 nm; height, 500 nm). Notably, osteoclastogenesis from BMCs was better promoted on hydrophobic pillars than on hydrophilic pillars. In contrast, decreased osteoclast formation was observed on the nanopillars (diameter, 100 nm; height, 200 nm). We demonstrated the promotion of osteoclast formation from BMCs on hydrophobic pillars with diameters of 1 μm and 500 nm. Some cellular behaviors in the patterns were dependent on the type of osteoclast precursor cells. The designed patterns are useful for designing the surface of dental implants or bone replacement materials with a controllable balance between osteoblast and osteoclast activities. Copyright © 2022 Japanese Association for Oral Biology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Tsukasa Akasaka, Hiroshi Hayashi, Miho Tamai, Yoshitaka Yoshimura, Yoh-Ichi Tagawa, Hirofumi Miyaji, Ko Nakanishi, Yasuhiro Yoshida. Osteoclast formation from mouse bone marrow cells on micro/nano-scale patterned surfaces. Journal of oral biosciences. 2022 Jun;64(2):237-244

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PMID: 35398598

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