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    Cadmium selenide quantum dots (QDs) are fluorescent and electron-dense nanoparticles. When used as reporter of immunolabeling, this dual visibility is essential for direct comparison of its fluorescent signals on light microscopy (LM) and their ultrastructrual counterparts on electron microscopy (EM) as correlative light and electron microscopy (CLEM). To facilitate EM recognition, QDs on EM grid were gold enhanced, which increased their size and electron density. On histological sections as well, gold-enhanced QDs, used as a reporter of immunolabeling, were easily recognized on EM. Because target structures are visible on bright field microscopy, gold enhancement facilitated trimming the target structures into final EM sections. Furthermore, gold enhancement of rod-shaped QD655 on EM grid was accentuated on their tips while spherical QD565 was gold-enhanced as sphere in contrast. This EM distinction was evident on histological sections where QD565 (green fluorescence) and QD655 (red fluorescence) were used as a reporter pair for double immunolabeling. Double-labeled immuno-fluorescent images, initially captured before EM processing, are now compared with their respective immuno EM counterparts. Specific labeling of each epitope was corroborated by mutual comparison between LM and EM. Although fluoronanogold may be a candidate reporter partner with QDs for gold-enhanced, double-labeling CLEM, its limited penetration into fixed tissue hampers universal use for thick histological sections. Gold-enhancement of QD immunolabeling, now expanded to double-labeling CLEM for human brain samples, will pave the way to translate molecular events into ultrastructural morphopathogenesis in situ. © 2022. The Author(s).


    Miho Uematsu, Kyohei Mikami, Ayako Nakamura, Ryosuke Takahashi, Takanori Yokota, Katsuiku Hirokawa, Toshiki Uchihara. Parallel gold enhancement of quantum dots 565/655 for double-labelling correlative light and electron microscopy on human autopsied samples. Scientific reports. 2022 Apr 12;12(1):6113

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    PMID: 35413968

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