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Kidneys are key regulators of phosphate homeostasis. Biallelic mutations of the renal Na+/phosphate cotransporter SLC34A1/NaPi-IIa cause idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia, whereas monoallelic mutations were frequently noted in adults with kidney stones. Genome-wide-association studies identified SLC34A1 as a risk locus for chronic kidney disease. Pathogenic mutations in SLC34A1 are present in 4% of the general population. Here, we characterize a mouse model carrying the 91del7 in-frame deletion, a frequent mutation whose significance remains unclear. Under normal dietary conditions, 12 weeks old heterozygous and homozygous males have similar plasma and urinary levels of phosphate as their wild type (WT) littermates, and comparable concentrations of parathyroid hormone, fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) and 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D3. Renal phosphate transport, and expression of NaPi-IIa and NaPi-IIc cotransporters, was indistinguishable in the three genotypes. Challenging mice with low dietary phosphate did not result in differences between genotypes with regard to urinary and plasma phosphate. Urinary and plasma phosphate, plasma FGF-23 and expression of cotransporters were similar in all genotypes after weaning. Urinary phosphate and bone mineral density were also comparable in 300 days old WT and mutant mice. In conclusion, mice carrying the 91del7 truncation do not show signs of impaired phosphate homeostasis. © 2022. The Author(s).


Cornelia Bieri, Arezoo Daryadel, Carla Bettoni, Eva-Maria Pastor-Arroyo, Udo Schnitzbauer, Nati Hernando, Carsten A Wagner. The human pathogenic 91del7 mutation in SLC34A1 has no effect in mineral homeostasis in mice. Scientific reports. 2022 Apr 12;12(1):6102

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PMID: 35414099

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