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Fluoxapiprolin is a new oxysterol binding protein inhibitor (OSBPI), which showed excellent inhibitory activity to plant pathogenic oomycetes. Its resistance risk and mechanism in Phytophthora infestans are unclear. In the current study, the sensitivities of 103 P. infestans isolates to fluoxapiprolin were investigated, and a unimodal distribution with a mean EC50 value of 0.00035 μg/mL was observed. Four types of resistant mutants, with a resistance factor from 14 to more than 1000, and point mutations S768I+N837I, S768I+L860I, S768I, and I877F in PiORP1, were acquired using fungicide adaption. The fitness of the mutants was similar to or lower than that of the corresponding parental isolate. Positive cross-resistance was detected between fluoxapiprolin and oxathiapiprolin. The point mutations were verified in P. sojae homologue positions using the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing system. Transformants containing S768I+N837I or S768I+L860I, showed high fluoxapiprolin resistance (RF > 1000). In conclusion, the risk of P. infestans resistance to fluoxapiprolin is moderate, and novel point mutation types S768I+N837I or S768I+L860I could cause high fluoxapiprolin resistance in P. infestans.

Citation

Chengcheng Li, Xiaofei Liu, Zeqi Liu, Shiping Hu, Ziwei Xue, Yixin Fu, Jianqiang Miao, Xili Liu. Resistance Risk and Novel Resistance-Related Point Mutations in Target Protein PiORP1 of Fluoxapiprolin in Phytophthora infestans. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2022 Apr 27;70(16):4881-4888

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PMID: 35416662

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