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    This study evaluated the health status of the mammary glands and milk composition of dairy goats. The California mastitis test (CMT) score, somatic cell counts (SCCs), somatic cell type, electrical conductivity (EC), N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase (NAGase) activity, mastitis-causing pathogens, and milk composition in 121 udder-half milk samples from 62 crossbreed goats (1-3 years old) at 23-45 days postpartum were compared in four categories with SCCs of <200 × 103 , <300 × 103 , 301-1000 × 103 , and >1010 × 103  cells/ml. The SCC, CMT score, EC, and NAGase activity were significantly lower (p < 0.05) in udder-half milk with SCCs of <200 × 103 and <300 × 103  cells/ml than those in milk with SCCs of 301-1000 × 103 and >1010 × 103  cells/ml. The protein, lactose/ash, and solids-not-fat (SNF) in milk with an SCC of <300 × 103  cells/ml were similar to the previously reported values. The proportion of polymorphonuclear neutrophils was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in milk with SCCs of 301-1000 and >1010 × 103  cells/ml than in milk with an SCC of <300 × 103  cells/ml. Assessing mammary gland health and milk composition based on categorization of udder-half milk by SCC may be useful for milk quality control on goat farms. © 2022 Japanese Society of Animal Science.

    Citation

    Hajime Nagahata, Mayumi Fuse, Kenji Umehara, Satoshi Gondaira, Hidetoshi Higuchi, Keiichi Hisaeda, Yasutaka Kumano. Evaluation of the health status of mammary glands and compositional changes in udder-half milk obtained from dairy goats for milk quality management. Animal science journal = Nihon chikusan Gakkaiho. 2022 Jan;93(1):e13714

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    PMID: 35417054

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