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    Knowledge about the duration of digestive carriage of ESBL- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae is an essential information, impacting clinical decisions (empiric treatment for known carriers) and infection control measures (preemptive precautions, sequential screening). Ten to 50% carriers are still colonized after one year, but these numbers might be overestimated. Use of genomic typing is required to distinguish endogenous long-term carriage from exogenous recolonization events. Median length of colonization appears to range between 0,5 and 13 months for E-ESBL and 0,7 to 10 months for CPE. We performed a narrative review of the literature on this topic. We finally suggest a few future perspectives.


    Adrien Calame, Romain Martischang, Stephan Harbarth. Duration of enteric carriage of multiresistant Enterobacteriaceae: current state of the evidence]. Revue medicale suisse. 2022 Apr 13;18(777):718-722

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    PMID: 35417101

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