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Our kidneys receive about one-fifth of the cardiac output at rest and have a low oxygen extraction ratio, but may sustain, under some conditions, hypoxic injuries that might lead to chronic kidney disease. This is due to large regional variations in renal blood flow and oxygenation, which are the prerequisite for some and the consequence of other kidney functions. The concurrent operation of these functions is reliant on a multitude of neuro-hormonal signaling cascades and feedback loops that also include the regulation of renal blood flow and tissue oxygenation. Starting with open questions on regulatory processes and disease mechanisms, we review herein the literature on renal blood flow and oxygenation. We assess the current understanding of renal blood flow regulation, reasons for disparities in oxygen delivery and consumption, and the consequences of disbalance between O2 delivery, consumption, and removal. We further consider methods for measuring and computing blood velocity, flow rate, oxygen partial pressure, and related parameters and point out how limitations of these methods constitute important hurdles in this area of research. We conclude that to obtain an integrated understanding of the relation between renal function and renal blood flow and oxygenation, combined experimental and computational modeling studies will be needed. © 2022. The Author(s).


Aurelie Edwards, Vartan Kurtcuoglu. Renal blood flow and oxygenation. Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology. 2022 Aug;474(8):759-770

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PMID: 35438336

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