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Benzophenone-3 (BP-3) is a common component of organic sunscreen widely used that can affect especially aquatic ecosystems health, including fish. To verify the biological effects of low concentrations of BP-3 on blood cells, one hundred and forty zebrafish (D. rerio) were used and then randomly divided into five groups: control group (water), solvent group (alcoholic water), and BP-3 group (BP-3 at 7 µg L-1, BP-3 at 70 µg L-1, and BP-3 at 700 µg L-1). The blood slices were stained with Panoptic stain and with Giemsa solution for the hematological analysis. During the exposure to BP-3, no behavioral changes were observed. Although no significant difference in total leukocytes occurred, an increase in neutrophils and a reduction of lymphocytes at the highest concentration on both 7th and 14th days were detected. The total and cytoplasmic area of erythrocytes on the 7th day at the highest concentration were reduced. In addition, alterations on the erythrocyte nuclear morphology in fish exposed to BP-3 were usually visualized, mainly when considered the occurrence of blebbed nucleus and micronucleus, indicating that BP-3 exhibits cytotoxic and mutagenic effects. The results indicate that BP-3 can interfere with the morphophysiology of aquatic organisms.


Jeffesson de Oliveira-Lima, Rafaela Luiza Dias da Cunha, Lycia de Brito-Gitirana. Effect of benzophenone-3 on the blood cells of zebrafish (Danio rerio). Journal of environmental science and health. Part. B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes. 2022;57(2):81-89

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PMID: 35439107

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