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    Purpose: Many researchers and coaches hold that the ability to generate force rapidly is an important factor in athletic performance. This concept is often studied by analyzing the rate of ground reaction force development (RFD) during vertical jumps; however, many such studies disagree on whether estimates of RFD are true predictors of vertical jump height, have limited sample sizes, and have not employed multiple regression analysis. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to assess the utility of RFD as a predictor of vertical jump height. Methods: Forward sequential multiple regression models were performed using kinematic, kinetic, and demographic variables from a database of maximal countermovement vertical jumps collected via motion capture system from 2,258 NCAA Division I athletes. Results: Peak RFD was a significant bivariate predictor of vertical jump height (r = 0.408, p < .001). However, when other variables were included in the prediction model the partial variance in vertical jump height accounted for by peak RFD was nearly eliminated (r = -0.051, β = -0.051), but sex (r = 0.246, β = 0.94) and peak ground reaction force (r = 0.503, β = 1.109) emerged as predictors of partial variance in jump height. Furthermore, mediation analysis revealed the direct effect of peak RFD on vertical jump height was only 0.004. Conclusions: Multiple regression analysis enabled by a large sample size suggests Peak RFD may not be uniquely useful as a predictor of vertical jump height during maximal countermovement jumps.


    Jonathan D Miller, Andrew C Fry, Anthony B Ciccone, John Poggio. Analysis of Rate of Force Development as a Vertical Jump Height Predictor. Research quarterly for exercise and sport. 2022 Apr 20:1-8

    PMID: 35442167

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