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Rapid identification of the causal organism and antibiotic resistance is crucial for guiding targeted therapy in patients with suspected staphylococcal infection. A meta-analysis was carried out to evaluate the diagnostic relevance of Xpert™ MRSA/SA (Xpert) from clinical samples of various origins for limiting the use of unnecessary empirical methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) therapy. Five databases, including the Cochrane Library, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase, were comprehensively inspected from inception to October 12, 2021. The pooled summary estimates were evaluated using a bivariate random-effects model. Our inclusion criteria were met by 49 publications containing 68 datasets out of 735 citations. A total of 21 studies (n = 4996) examined the accuracy of Xpert in detecting methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA), while 47 studies (n = 45,430) examined the accuracy of Xpert in detecting MRSA. As compared to MRSA, Xpert's diagnostic performance for MSSA detection was markedly higher [sensitivity: 0.97 (0.96-0.98), specificity: 0.97 (0.97-0.98), area under curve (AUC): 0.99 (0.99-1.0)]. Xpert's pooled sensitivity and specificity differed marginally across sample types, including screening of colonization, lower respiratory tract (LRT), osteoarticular, and bloodstream samples. Notably, the Xpert pooled specificity was consistently ≥ 92% against microbiological culture across all sample types. The diagnostic efficiency heterogeneity was not explained by a meta-regression and subgroup analysis of research design, sample conditions, and sampling methods (P > 0.05). Our findings suggest that Xpert could be used as the favoured screening test for the early detection of staphylococcal infection in a variety of sample types, with the goal of guiding therapeutic decisions. © 2022. The Author(s).


Suvash Chandra Ojha, Ke Chen, Changfeng Sun, Sarfraz Ahmed, Yun-Jian Sheng, Cun-Liang Deng. Clinical Relevance of Xpert MRSA/SA in Guiding Therapeutic Decisions for Staphylococcal Infections: A Diagnostic Test Accuracy Analysis. Infectious diseases and therapy. 2022 Jun;11(3):1205-1227

PMID: 35451743

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