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    Objective.Lead-doped scintillator dosimeters may be well suited for the dosimetry of FLASH-capable x-ray radiotherapy beams. Our study explores the dose rate dependence and temporal resolution of scintillators that makes them promising in the accurate detection of ultrahigh dose-rate (UHDR) x-rays.Approach.We investigated the response of scintillators with four material compositions to UHDR x-rays produced by a conventional x-ray tube. Scintillator output was measured using the HYPERSCINT-RP100 dosimetry research platform. Measurements were acquired at high frame rates (400 fps) which allowed for accurate dose measurements of sub-second radiation exposures from 1 to 100 ms. Dose-rate dependence was assessed by scaling tube current of the x-ray tube. Scintillator measurements were validated against Monte Carlo simulations of the probe geometries and UHDR x-ray system. Calibration factors converting dose-to-medium to dose-to-water were obtained from simulation data of plastic and lead-doped scintillator materials.Main Results.The results of this work suggest that lead-doped scintillators were dose-rate independent for UHDR x-rays from 1.1 to 40.1 Gy s-1and capable of measuring conventional radiotherapy dose-rates (0.1 Gy s-1) at extended distance from the x-ray focal spot. Dose-to-water measured with a 5% lead-doped scintillator detector agreed with simulations within 0.6%.Significance.Lead-doped scintillators may be a valuable tool for the accurate real-time dosimetry of FLASH-capable UHDR x-ray beams. Creative Commons Attribution license.


    Alexander Hart, Daniel Cecchi, Cloé Giguère, Frédérique Larose, François Therriault-Proulx, Nolan Esplen, Luc Beaulieu, Magdalena Bazalova-Carter. Lead-doped scintillator dosimeters for detection of ultrahigh dose-rate x-rays. Physics in medicine and biology. 2022 May 11;67(10)

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    PMID: 35453128

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