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Animal cloning is of great importance to the production of transgenic and genome-edited livestock. Especially for multiple gene-editing operations, recloning is one of the most feasible methods for livestock. In addition, a multiple-round cloning method is practically necessary for animal molecular breeding. However, cloning efficiency remains extremely low, especially for serial cloning, which seriously impedes the development of livestock breeding based on genome editing technology. The incomplete reprogramming and failure in oocyte activation of some pluripotent factors were deemed to be the main reason for the low efficiency of animal recloning. Here, to overcome this issue, which occurred frequently in the process of animal recloning, we established a reporter system in which fluorescent proteins were driven by pig OCT4 or SOX2 promoter to monitor the reprogramming process in cloned and recloned pig embryos. We studied the effect of different histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors on incomplete reprogramming. Our results showed that Trichostatin A (TSA) could activate pluripotent factors and significantly enhance the development competence of recloned pig embryos, while the other two inhibitors, valproic acid (VPA) and Scriptaid, had little effect on that. Furthermore, we found no difference in OCT4 mRNA abundance between TSA-treated and untreated embryos. These findings suggest that TSA remarkably improves the reprogramming state of pig recloned embryos by restoring the expression of incompletely activated pluripotent genes OCT4 and SOX2.


Tao Feng, Xiaolan Qi, Huiying Zou, Shuangyu Ma, Dawei Yu, Fei Gao, Zhengxing Lian, Sen Wu, Xuguang Du. TSA Activates Pluripotency Factors in Porcine Recloned Embryos. Genes. 2022 Apr 07;13(4)

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PMID: 35456455

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