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Xylanase releases xylo-oligosaccharides from dietary xylan, which stimulate the growth of the gut bacteria lactobacilli. Many lactobacilli adhere to dietary fibers, which may facilitate the assimilation of xylo-oligosaccharides and help them gain competence in the gut, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Herein we report, from the highly abundant transcripts of Lactobacillus brevis cultured in wheat arabinoxylan supplemented with a xylanase, the identification of genes encoding four putative cell-surface WxL proteins (Lb630, Lb631, Lb632, and Lb635) and one S-layer protein (Lb1325) with either cellulose- or xylan-binding ability. The repetitively occurring WxL proteins were encoded by a gene cluster, among which Lb630 was chosen for further mutational studies. The analysis revealed three aromatic residues (F30, W61, and W156) that might be involved in the interaction of the protein with cellulose. A homology search in the genome of Enterococcus faecium identified three WxL proteins with conserved counterparts of these three aromatic residues, and they were also found to be able to bind cellulose and xylan. The findings suggested a role of the cell-surface WxL and S-layer proteins in assisting the cellular adhesion of L. brevis to plant cell wall polysaccharides.


Zhenzhen Hao, Wenjing Zhang, Xiaolu Wang, Yuan Wang, Xing Qin, Huiying Luo, Huoqing Huang, Xiaoyun Su. Identification of WxL and S-Layer Proteins from Lactobacillus brevis with the Ability to Bind Cellulose and Xylan. International journal of molecular sciences. 2022 Apr 08;23(8)

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PMID: 35456954

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