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Bacterial adaption to heavy metal stress is a complex and comprehensive process of multi-response regulation. However, the mechanism is largely unexplored. In this study, cadmium (Cd) resistance and adaptation mechanism in Cupriavidus nantongensis X1T were investigated. Strain X1T could resist the stress of 307 mg/L Cd2+ and remove 70% Cd2+ in 48 h. Spectroscopic analyses suggested interactions between Cd2+ with C-N, -COOH, and -NH ligands of extracellular polymeric substances. Whole-genome sequencing found that the resistance of Cd2+ in strain X1T was caused by the joint action of Czc and Cad systems. Cd2+ at 20 mg/L elicited differential expression of 1157 genes in strain X1T. In addition to the reported effects of uptake, adsorption, effluxion, and accumulation system, the oxidative stress system, Type-VI secretory protein system, Fe-S protein synthesis, and cysteine synthesis system in strain X1T were involved in the Cd2+ resistance and accumulation. The intracellular accumulation content of Cd2+ in strain X1T was higher than the extracellular adsorption content made strain X1T to be an important resource strain in the bioremediation of Cd-contaminated sewage. The results provide a theoretical network for understanding the complex regulatory system of bacterial resistance and adaptation of Cd against stressful environments. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation

Liancheng Fang, Hao Zhu, Yuehan Geng, Genrong Zhang, Houpu Zhang, Taozhong Shi, Xiangwei Wu, Qing X Li, Rimao Hua. Resistance properties and adaptation mechanism of cadmium in an enriched strain, Cupriavidus nantongensis X1T. Journal of hazardous materials. 2022 Jul 15;434:128935

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PMID: 35461001

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