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Staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) is an important biotoxin, produced by Staphylococcus aureus under appropriate conditions, and often contaminates milk and dairy products. Herein, an anti-SEA monoclonal antibody (anti-SEA mAb) was prepared by injecting the SEA protein in BALB/c mice, and a novel immunochromatographic assay (ICA) was developed for the rapid and sensitive determination of SEA in pasteurized milk by using highly luminescent quantum dot beads (QB) as signal amplification probe. Given the 1020-fold enhancement in the photoluminescence intensity of QB to the original quantum dot, the proposed QB-ICA exhibits high sensitivity for SEA determination in real milk samples with a limit of detection of 1.89 ng/mL, and shows good dynamic linearity for SEA quantitative detection from 2 to 150 ng/mL within 15 min of test time. The proposed QB-ICA also shows good selectivity to SEA detection with a negligible cross-reaction to common analogs, including staphylococcal enterotoxins B, C, D, and E. In addition, the accuracy and precision of QB-ICA were assessed by analyzing SEA-fortified milk samples. The average recoveries of intra- and interassays range from 85.5 to 128.1%, and the coefficients of variation range from 4.6 to 14.2%, indicating an acceptable accuracy for the quantitative detection of SEA in real milk samples. In summary, this work provides a powerful and rapid analysis tool for the sensitive monitoring of SEA contamination in pasteurized milk samples. Ā© 2022, The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. and Fass Inc. on behalf of the American Dairy Science AssociationĀ®. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (


Ping Chen, Mengjun Zhou, Xirui Chen, Sicheng Xiong, Yu Su, Hui Zhou, Juan Peng, Yonghua Xiong. Quantum dot bead-based competitive immunochromatographic assay for enterotoxin aureus A detection in pasteurized milk. Journal of dairy science. 2022 Jun;105(6):4938-4945

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PMID: 35465994

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