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The terahertz (THz) band contains a wealth of information about vibration and rotational energy levels, most of the vibration modes between amino acid molecules are in the THz band, so it reflects many unique absorption characteristics in the THz band. The use of terahertz time-domain spectroscopy can not only effectively identify different kinds of amino acids but also distinguish various isomers of the same amino acid due to the varied vibration modes. The absorption spectra of four stereoisomers of threonine were investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results show that the isomers show similarity in the infrared band, while manifest evidently the similarity between enantiomers L-threonine and D-threonine, and between L-allo-threonine and D-allo-threonine, and the difference between diastereoisomer L-threonine/D-threonine and L-allo-threonine/D-allo-threonine in the terahertz band. In order to fully understand the origin of the terahertz absorption characteristics of isomer molecules, simulation calculations were carried out in combination with density functional theory to connect the vibrational modes and molecular structures, Furthermore, the unit cell configurations of L-thr and L-allo-thr and the differences between various low-frequency vibrational modes are analyzed from the perspective of hydrogen bond configuration. By further extracting terahertz optical parameters such as refractive index and imaginary part of the dielectric constant of threonine isomers, the results show that the refractive index spectrum and dielectric loss spectrum can clearly show the response characteristics of the orientation polarization of dipole inside threonine isomers in terahertz band.


Ruonan Zeng, Yujing Bian, Xun Zhang, Zhenqi Zhu, Bin Yang. Terahertz Spectroscopy Study of the Stereoisomers of Threonine. Applied spectroscopy. 2022 Jun 02:37028221099958

PMID: 35469427

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