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Nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) represents a distinct phenotype within the spectrum of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), which is characterized by a range of clinical manifestations. Despite a high disease burden that is comparable to ankylosing spondylitis (also known as radiographic axSpA), there is an unmet need to recognize and effectively manage patients with active nr-axSpA.A targeted literature search was conducted in OVID (MEDLINE and Embase databases) to identify articles on nr-axSpA, including its definition, demographics, epidemiology, burden, diagnosis, clinical presentation, and treatment guidelines.The lack of adequate epidemiological data and incomplete understanding of nr-axSpA among rheumatologists and nonrheumatologists contributes to delayed referrals and diagnosis. This delay results in a substantial burden on patients, physically and psychologically, and the healthcare system. Targeted therapies, such as biologics, including inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor or interleukin-17A, have been approved and utilized for the management of nr-axSpA, and other novel therapeutics with different mechanisms of action are in development. Raising awareness among US internists regarding the prevalence of nr-axSpA, disease burden, clinical presentation, diagnostic tools, and available treatments is important for improved disease management.Future clinical investigations focusing on the development of markers that aid early diagnosis and predict treatment response may also improve the management of nr-axSpA. This review provides an overview of nr-axSpA with the aim of raising awareness of the disease among US internists, with an overarching goal to contribute toward the improved recognition and timely referral of these patients to rheumatologists for diagnosis and management. Copyright © 2022 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Marina Magrey, Sergio Schwartzman, Natasha de Peyrecave, Victor S Sloan, Jeffrey L Stark. Nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis: expanding the spectrum of an old disease: A narrative review. Medicine. 2022 Apr 15;101(15):e29063

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PMID: 35475794

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