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Non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) are the fifth most common type of cancer worldwide, affecting both men and women. Each year, more than a million new occurrences of NMSC are estimated, with Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) representing approximately 20% of all skin malignancies. The purpose of this study was to find potential diagnostic biomarkers for SCC by application of eXplainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) on XGBoost machine learning (ML) models trained on binary classification datasets comprising the expression data of 40 SCC, 38 AK, and 46 normal healthy skin samples. After successfully incorporating SHAP values into the ML models, 23 significant genes were identified and were found to be associated with the progression of SCC. These identified genes may serve as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in patients with SCC. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Jaishree Meena, Yasha Hasija. Application of explainable artificial intelligence in the identification of Squamous Cell Carcinoma biomarkers. Computers in biology and medicine. 2022 Jul;146:105505

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PMID: 35477047

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