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    Objective: To explore accurate prenatal diagnosis, full-coverage graded counseling and follow-up for the fetus with cardiac birth defects (CBD). Methods: CBD fetus diagnosed prenatal by echocardiography from January 2018 to December 2020 in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital were enrolled. Fetal CBD was graded (Ⅰ-Ⅵ) according to prognosis and possible operation time after birth, and the classification criteria and common diseases included were proposed. After the prenatal grading counseling, the outcome of the fetus was followed-up. The induced labor rate, live birth rate, prenatal and postnatal ultrasound diagnosis coincidence rate and other indicators were calculated. The disease composition ratio, prognosis of fetus with different grades and the outcome of integrated treatment were analyzed. Results: The detection rate of fetal CBD was up to 16.2% (1 971/12 188), 30 cases of which were excluded. A total of 1 941 cases were included in this study, including 196 cases (10.1%) of gradeⅠ, 433 cases (22.3%) of gradeⅡ, 615 cases (31.7%) of grade Ⅲ, 261 cases (13.4%) of grade Ⅳ, 388 cases (20.0%) of gradeⅤ, 48 cases (2.5%) of grade Ⅵ. Grade Ⅱ and gradeⅢ (the operation time was within 1 year after birth) accounted for 54.0% (1 048/1 941). The distribution of some diseases in different grades had obvious proportion advantage, which was representative. Among 1 747 CBD fetus, 736 cases (induced labor rate 42.1%) chose to terminate pregnancy due to CBD. Of the 1 010 live births, 975 cases (96.5%) had the same prenatal and postnatal diagnosis, 3 cases were missed diagnosis and 32 cases were misdiagnosed. The diagnostic accuracy of live births with severe and complex congenital heart disease was 383 out of 389 (98.5%). A total of 258 cases have received surgery or intervention. The age at the time of surgery or intervention was different among grades(χ²=47.3,P<0.001). With the improvement of prognosis from gradeⅠ to Ⅴ, the live birth rate increased and the induced labor rate decreased accordingly; the difference between grades was significant(χ²=623.6,P<0.001). Conclusions: Prenatal diagnosis and graded counseling is important in the integrated model. Fetal CBD grading could refine post-natal treatment strategies, guide delivery decisions and become an evaluation standard.


    J J Shen, C C Pang, L Q Yang, X Y Lin, Y Y Wang, Y P Huang, Y F Li, W Pan. Follow-up study of fetal cardiac birth defects after prenatal diagnosis and graded counseling]. Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi. 2022 Apr 25;57(4):278-283

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    PMID: 35484660

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