Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Migraine is a common neurological disease and an important cause of disability worldwide. Serum urate is the end product of purine metabolism in Homo sapiens and other hominoids. Previous studies about the serum urate level in migraine were contradictory. Hence, we present a cross-section study to clarify the association between serum urate and migraine and explore the dose effect of serum urate on migraine. The data for this cross-section study were acquired from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). A diagnosis of migraine was made through patient the self-reported and prescription medication. For data analysis, the weighted linear regression model, weighted chi-square test, logistic regression models, smooth curve fittings, and the two-piecewise linear regression model were utilized for data analysis. All data analysis was conducted on Empower software. Totally, 18,637 participants were enrolled in this study, of which 208 were migraineurs. The rest were set as control. There existed a statistically significant difference in mean age (p = 0.0389), gender (p< 0.0001), race (p< 0.0001), data release cycle (p = 0.048), drug usage, blood albumin (p< 0.0001), blood total protein (p< 0.0001), hemoglobin (p< 0.0001), serum iron (p< 0.0001), and serum urate (p< 0.0001) between the two groups. According to logistic regression models, there existed no consistent linear relationship between serum urate and migraine before (model 1: odd ratio (OR) = 0.83, p = 0.0004) or after adjusting for confounders (model 2: OR = 0.96, p = 0.5198; model 3: OR = 0.84, p = 0.0184). However, smooth curve fittings found an exponential curve relationship between serum urate and migraine. Furthermore, when serum urate was more than 7.8 mg/dl, higher serum urate was correlated with higher migraine occurrence (model 1: OR = 1.54, p = 0.0022; model 2: OR = 1.51, p = 0.0050; model 3: OR = 1.77, p = 0.0348). Besides, 8 out of the 208 migraineurs had a serum urate higher than 7.8 mg/dl. In conclusion, there existed an exponential curve relationship between serum urate and migraine, with an infliction point of 7.8 mg/dl. When serum urate was more than 7.8 mg/dl, increased serum urate was correlated with higher migraine occurrence. Copyright © 2022 Hong, Liu, Wan, Xiong and Xu.


Peiwei Hong, Yao Liu, Yang Wan, Hai Xiong, Yanming Xu. An Exponential Curve Relationship Between Serum Urate and Migraine: A Cross-Section Study From NHANES. Frontiers in neurology. 2022;13:871783

PMID: 35493816

View Full Text