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    Long noncoding RNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) is considered to be involved in postischemic cerebral inflammation, whereas polysialic acid (polySia, PSA), the product of St8sia2, constitutes polysialylated neural adhesion cell molecule (PSA-NCAM) in both mice and humans and that cerebral PSA-NCAM level is elevated in neuronal progenitor cells in response to transient focal ischemia. Herein, we aim to identify novel miRNAs that bridge the functions of St8sia2 and TUG1 in ischemia-associated injuries. In both in vivo (C57BL/6J mouse ischemia/reperfusion, I/R model) and in vitro (mouse neuroblastoma N2A cell oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation, OGD model) settings, we observed upregulated TUG1 and St8sia2 after the induction of ischemic injury, accompanied by reduced miR-3072-3p expression. We performed siRNA-induced TUG1 knockdown combined with the induction of ischemic injury; the results showed that inhibiting TUG1 expression led to the reduced infarct area and improved neurological deficit. Through bioinformatics analysis, miR-3072-3p was found to target both St8sia2 and TUG1, which was subsequently verified by the luciferase reporter system and RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation assay. Also, the addition of miR-3072-3p mimic/inhibitor resulted in reduced/elevated St8sia2 expression at the protein level. Further studies revealed that in both in vivo and in vitro settings, TUG1 bound competitively to miR-3072-3p to regulate St8sia2 expression and promote apoptosis. In summary, targeting the TUG1/miR-3072-3p/St8sia2 regulatory cascade, a novel cascade we identified in cerebral ischemia injury, may render feasible therapeutic possibilities for overcoming cerebral ischemic insults. Copyright © 2022 Miao Chen et al.


    Miao Chen, Feng Wang, Limin Fan, Hairong Wang, Shuo Gu. Long Noncoding RNA TUG1 Aggravates Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury by Acting as a ceRNA for miR-3072-3p to Target St8sia2. Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity. 2022;2022:9381203

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    PMID: 35498127

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