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The Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR) strain was developed through selective breeding for high systolic blood pressure. In our laboratory, we established a congenic rat strain named SHR.Lewis-Anxrr16 (SLA16). The SLA16 rat strain is genetically identical to the SHR except for the inserted Anxrr16 region in chromosome 4. Our objective was to evaluate the influence of this genomic region on ethanol consumption and blood pressure. First, we exposed SHR and SLA16 male and female rats to ethanol consumption. Results showed that, regardless of strain, females consumed more ethanol than males during forced (10% v/v) and spontaneous ethanol consumption (SEC; 2.5-20% v/v). Then, females from both strains were used to evaluate sensitivity to ethanol. No strain differences in the loss of righting reflex were observed after ethanol treatment (3 g/kg, 20% w/v, intraperitoneal [i.p.]). But, in the triple test, female SHR rats presented lower sensitivity to the ethanol (1.2 g/kg, 14% w/v, i.p.). Surprisingly, female SHR rats also presented higher blood pressure after SEC (10% v/v). Finally, losartan treatment was effective in decreasing the blood pressure of female rats of both strains, but had specific effects on SHR ethanol consumption. Our data suggest that SLA16 female rats consume less ethanol (10%), are more sensitive to its effects, and present lower blood pressure than SHR female rats. We demonstrated that the Anxrr16 locus in chromosome 4 is a genetic candidate to explain high ethanol consumption and blood pressure, at least in females. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Pâmela Andressa Ramborger Anjos, Renata Cristina Nunes Marchette, Rafael Kremer, Natalli Granzotto, Thalita Mello Alves, Guilherme Pasetto Fadanni, Fernando Gabriel Mazur, Elaine Leocádia Anton, José Eduardo da Silva-Santos, Áurea Elizabeth Linder, Geison Souza Izídio. The influence of chromosome 4 on high ethanol consumption and blood pressure. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 2022 Aug;102:1-10

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PMID: 35500756

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