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Based on the literature, haematochezia is associated with a benign clinical course of ischaemic colitis. However, most cases in the literature presented mild haematochezia associated with ischaemic colitis. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the impact of different degrees of haematochezia on the clinical outcomes of ischaemic colitis.Patients were divided into nonhaematochezia, mild-haematochezia, and severe-haematochezia cohorts stratified by the degree of haematochezia. The clinical characteristics and prognoses were retrospectively reviewed.Haematochezia cohort (n = 89) was associated with a lower rate of severe illness (25% vs. 52%, P = 0.001), lower rate of isolated right colon ischaemia (7% vs. 28%,P = 0.001), lower surgery rates (13% vs. 36%, P = 0.001), and shorter hospital stay (12 vs. 17 days, P < 0.001) compared with nonhaematochezia cohort (n = 50). Severe-haematochezia cohort (n = 11) had a higher frequency of severe illness (73% vs. 18%, P < 0.001), higher surgical intervention rate (55% vs. 6%, P < 0.001), higher nonsurgical complication rate, higher in-hospital mortality (45% vs. 0%, P < 0.001), and longer hospital stay (28 vs. 10 days, P = 0.001), compared with mild-haematochezia cohort (n = 78). Additionally, in-hospital mortality (45% vs. 6%, P = 0.003) and nonsurgical complication rate were higher in the severe-haematochezia than in the nonhaematochezia cohort. However, the three cohorts had comparable prognoses for long-term survival and recurrence.Mild haematochezia was related to a benign clinical course of ischaemic colitis, while lack of haematochezia or severe haematochezia was associated with worse hospitalisation outcomes.Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Qin An, Baisi- Yuan, Zhen Guo, Lin Wu, Miaofang- Yang, Shaopei- Shi, Guoxing- Tang, Fangyu- Wang. Clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of hospitalised patients with ischemic colitis with different degrees of haematochezia: a retrospective study. European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology. 2022 May 02


PMID: 35506923

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