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    Excited triplet species play an important role in the photolytic formation of 1O2 from carbonyls, but the related mechanism is still uncertain, due to lack of direct evidence. In this study, steady-state and transient photolysis of eleven carbonyls to produce 1O2 was investigated. Dicarbonyl displayed greater 1O2 production ability than monocarbonyl, while dicarbonyl containing both ketone and carboxyl groups connected by CC bond (i.e., pyruvic acid (PA)) showed the highest 1O2 steady-state concentration ([1O2]SS). For the first time, the production of 3PA* from PA with narrow energy gap was confirmed by laser flash photolysis technique and the second-order decay rate constant of 3PA* was 2.78 × 107 M-1 s-1. Quenching results verified the dominant contribution of 3PA* to 1O2 production from PA. Addition of inorganic salt or increase in solution pH showed negligible effect on 3PA*, but significantly decreased the [1O2]SS of PA by up to two orders of magnitude, due to reduction of hydrate content. Photolysis of methylglyoxal and dimethylamine mixture led to higher content of excited triplet species at pH ≈ 11 and remarkably enhanced [1O2]SS, which was 2.3 times of that from PA and dimethylamine mixture. These findings provide direct evidence for the contribution of transient species from carbonyls or their product to 1O2 formation in atmospheric environment. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Jiangyao Chen, Xu-Nuo Miao, Taicheng An. Detection of excited triplet species from photolysis of carbonyls: Direct evidence for single oxygen formation in atmospheric environment. The Science of the total environment. 2022 Sep 01;837:155464

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    PMID: 35508234

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