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    Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an environmental bacterium that has gained a lot of attention, as a nosocomial pathogen associated with significant mortality rates. Biofilm formation is considered the corner stone for establishing infections in many bacteria including S. maltophilia. The aim of this study was the genotypic characterization of the different virulence-associated genes and the investigation of the effect of ascorbic acid on S. maltophilia biofilm formation. A total of 20 S. maltophilia isolates from different sources were included in this study. Genes encoding different virulence factors were investigated genotypically. These included stmPr1, stmPr2, smlt3773 locus, smf-1, rpfF, rmlA and spgM. Biofilm formation was investigated phenotypically. The effect of ascorbic acid on biofilm formation was investigated using MIC as well as sub-inhibitory concentrations. Many of the isolates harbored both serine proteases genes stmPr-1 and stmPr-2. Fourteen (70%) of the 20 isolates carried stmPr-1 and 15 (75%) had stmPr-2. Most of the isolates (95%) possessed smlt-3773 locus. Genes linked to biofilm formation such as smf-1, rpfF, rmlA and spgM, were found in (90%), (45%), (85%) and (30%) of the isolates, respectively. Phenotypically, all S. maltophilia isolates (100%) were biofilm producers. Fifteen (75%) were strong biofilm producers and 5 (25%) were moderate biofilm producers. In attempts to seek a non-chemotherapeutic alternative that can hinder biofilm formation without provoking antimicrobial resistance, the results, herein, showed that ascorbic acid inhibits biofilm formation in a dose-dependent manner. © 2022. The Author(s).


    Amira ElBaradei, Marwa Atef Yakout. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia: Genotypic Characterization of Virulence Genes and The Effect of Ascorbic Acid on Biofilm Formation. Current microbiology. 2022 May 05;79(6):180

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    PMID: 35508743

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