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Tabtoxin is a β-lactam ring-containing phytotoxin produced by a plant pathogenic Pseudomonas species. Here, we describe the early stages of tabtoxin biosynthesis, involving a C-methylation reaction catalyzed by the S-adenosyl-l-methionine-dependent methyltransferase TblA as the initial step for the β-lactam construction. Gene deletion and in vitro biochemical assays demonstrated that the Gcn5-related N-acetyltransferase domain of TblD catalyzes the acetylation of the α-amino group of 5-methyl-l-lysine. This establishment of the early reaction steps lays the foundation for characterizing unique β-lactam biosynthesis.


Jiaqi Lyu, Richiro Ushimaru, Ikuro Abe. Characterization of Enzymes Catalyzing the Initial Steps of the β-Lactam Tabtoxin Biosynthesis. Organic letters. 2022 May 13;24(18):3337-3341

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PMID: 35510837

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