Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • archaea (3)
  • atp synthesis (3)
  • atpases (2)
  • hydrolases (1)
  • proton (2)
  • subunit (3)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Hyperthermophilic archaea are close to the origin of life. Some hyperthermophilic anaerobic archaea live under strong energy limitation and have to make a living near thermodynamic equilibrium. Obviously, this requires adaptations of the energy-conserving machinery to harness small energy increments. Their ATP synthases often have an unusual motor subunit c that is predicted to prevent ATP synthesis. We have purified and reconstituted into liposomes such an archaeal ATP synthase found in a mesophilic bacterium. The enzyme indeed synthesized ATP at physiological membrane potentials, despite its unusual c subunit, but the minimal driving force for ATP synthesis was found to be even lower than in ATP synthases with usual c subunits. These data not only reveal an intermediate in the transition from ATP hydrolases to ATP synthases but also give a rationale for a bioenergetic adaptation of microbial growth near the thermodynamic equilibrium.


    Dennis Litty, Volker Müller. ATP synthesis in an ancient ATP synthase at low driving forces. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2022 May 10;119(19):e2201921119

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 35512103

    View Full Text