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    Vaginal reconstruction with autologous buccal mucosa graft offers a promising alternative to the use of skin grafts and vascularized intestinal segments. Given the novelty of this procedure, the optimal approach to postoperative wound management remains unclear with current practices often requiring many months of vaginal stents/molds. This study aims to evaluate a newly developed negative pressure intravaginal wound vacuum placed at the conclusion of the vaginoplasty with the goals of facilitating graft take and healing. A retrospective review of patients (age 12-21 years) who underwent eight primary and secondary vaginoplasty procedures using autologous buccal mucosa coupled with intravaginal wound vacuum placement was performed. Vaginal reconstruction with fenestrated full-thickness buccal mucosa graft and intravaginal wound vacuum placement was successfully performed eight times in seven patients at a median age of 15.6 years. Four patients underwent robotic vaginal pull-through with buccal mucosa serving as an interposition graft, and four patients underwent vaginoplasty with buccal graft alone. All cases had excellent engraftment at time of wound vacuum removal on postoperative day seven and had healthy-appearing buccal mucosa at a mean follow-up of 148 days. Postoperatively, one patient developed a stricture at the anastomosis between native vagina and buccal mucosa graft, requiring a second buccal mucosa graft six months after the first operation. The use of autologous buccal mucosa graft for primary and secondary vaginal reconstruction coupled with intravaginal wound vacuum therapy offers a promising new approach. Negative pressure wound vacuum therapy may provide a more optimal wound healing environment for improved outcomes. Retrospective Study LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: Level IV. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Claire A Ostertag-Hill, Prathima Nandivada, Erin R McNamara, Richard S Lee, Belinda H Dickie. Primary and secondary vaginal reconstruction with autologous buccal mucosa and intravaginal wound vacuum therapy. Journal of pediatric surgery. 2022 Aug;57(8):1687-1693

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    PMID: 35525806

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