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Tuberculosis (TBC) is a deadly disease and major health issue in the world. Emergence of drug resistant strains further worsens the efficiency of available anti-TBC drugs. Natural compounds and particularly traditional medicines such as Unani drugs are one of the promising alternatives that have been widely used nowadays. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of unani drug Qurs-e-Sartan Kafoori (QSK) on Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Drug susceptibilities were estimated by broth microdilution assay. Cell surface integrity was assessed by ZN staining, colony morphology and nitrocefin hydrolysis. Biofilms were visualized by crystal violet staining and measurement of metabolic activity and biomass. Lipidomics analysis was performed using mass spectrometry. Host pathogen interaction studies were accomplished using THP-1 cell lines to estimate cytokines by ELISA kit, apoptosis and ROS by flow cytometry. QSK enhanced the susceptibilities of isoniazid and rifampicin and impaired membrane homeostasis as depicted by altered cell surface properties and enhanced membrane permeability. In addition, virulence factor, biofilm formation was considerably reduced in presence of QSK. Lipidomic analysis revealed extensive lipid remodeling. Furthermore, we used a THP-1 cell line model, and investigated the immunomodulatory effect by estimating cytokine profile and found change in expressions of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10. Additionally, we uncover reduced THP-1 apoptosis and enhanced ROS production in presence of QSK. Together, this study validates the potential of unani formulation (QSK) with its mechanism of action and attempts to highlight its significance in MDR reversal. © 2021 Center for Food and Biomolecules, National Taiwan University. Production and hosting by Elsevier Taiwan LLC.


Saif Hameed, Sandeep Hans, Shiv Nandan, Zeeshan Fatima. Mechanistic insights into the antimycobacterial action of unani formulation, Qurs Sartan Kafoori. Journal of traditional and complementary medicine. 2022 Mar;12(2):162-171

PMID: 35528471

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