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    Lindane (γ-Hexachlorocyclohexane) has been used extensively as a pesticide all over the world. The production of Lindane entails the formation of four major Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) isomers, that is, alpha, beta, gamma, and delta as muck. These have been used as Technical HCH in developing countries as an inexpensive alternate source. However, HCH isomers pose a severe environmental hazard due to their highly persistent nature and toxicity. In this study, the effect of HCH application on the soil microbial diversity was studied. The species which could persist even after prolonged exposure at high HCH concentration, was isolated, screened, and enriched as potential t-HCH degraders. The selected isolate could degrade 88.05%, 92.19%, 91.54%, and 82.85% of the alpha, gamma, beta, and delta isomers, respectively at 100 mg/L HCH concentration. Identification of the isolate by 16s rRNA sequencing was similar to Cupriavidus malaysiensis. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first study to observe this particular strain's ability to simultaneously degrade the four isomers, especially the most recalcitrant beta isomer. Therefore, the degradative capability of this strain, as a sole carbon source at higher HCH concentration (100 mg/l), can be exploited for bioremediation of HCH contaminated sites. © 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.


    Vartika Srivastava, Shekhar Dhuliya, M Suresh Kumar. Biodegradation of technical hexachlorocyclohexane by Cupriavidus malaysiensis. World journal of microbiology & biotechnology. 2022 May 09;38(6):108

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    PMID: 35532866

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