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    While interest in antimicrobial stewardship programmes (ASPs) is growing in most low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), there is a paucity of information on their adoption or implementation in Africa, particularly Uganda. The study assessed the presence and characteristics of ASPs, implemented antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) strategies and the challenges to their implementation in hospitals in Uganda. We conducted a cross-sectional study among heads of infection prevention committees (IPCs) in regional referral hospitals, general hospitals, and private-not-for-profit (PNFP) hospitals from November 2019 to February 2020. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. We analysed data using descriptive statistics. A total of 32 heads of IPCs were enrolled in the study. Of these, eight were from regional referral hospitals, 21 were from general hospitals, and three were from PNFPs. Most heads of IPC were pharmacists (17/32, 53.1%) with a mean age and standard deviation (sd) of 36.1 (±1.1) years. A formal ASP was adopted or implemented in 14 out of the 32 (44%, 95% CI 26-62) studied hospitals. Thirty out of 32 hospitals implemented at least one type of AMS strategy. Sixty-eight percent (22/32) of the hospitals implemented pre-authorisation and approval as their primary AMS core strategy to optimise antibacterial use. The most commonly reported challenges to the implementation of ASP across all 32 hospitals (with or without ASP) were lack of time for the ASP team (29/32, 90.6%) and lack of allocated funding for antimicrobial stewardship team (29/32, 90.6%). In this study, most hospitals in Uganda implemented at least one AMS strategy despite the low implementation of ASPs in hospitals. The ministry of health needs to sensitise and support the establishment of ASP in hospitals across the country.


    Isaac Magulu Kimbowa, Moses Ocan, Jaran Eriksen, Mary Nakafeero, Celestino Obua, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Joan Kalyango. Characteristics of antimicrobial stewardship programmes in hospitals of Uganda. PloS one. 2022;17(5):e0268032

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    PMID: 35536856

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