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    Astragalin (AST) is a natural flavonoid with excellent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. However, whether AST is an effective chemical for neuronal protection and its underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In this study, we established a mouse model of cognitive impairment and aging-like phenotype induced by sequential administration of AlCl3 and D-galactose (Gal). We found that AST effectively ameliorated cognitive impairment in the model mice and improved their learning and memory performance in the Morris water maze (MWM) test. AlCl3/Gal-induced activation of astrocytes and microglia and inflammation were observed by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence, but could be attenuated by AST. In addition, alterations in oxidative stress-regulating enzymes or markers, including T-SOD, T-AOC, CAT, GSH-Px, and MDA, as well as the pro-inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6, were restored. At the mechanistic level, AlCl3/Gal-intoxicated mice showed a significant elevation of Notch/HES-1 and NF-κB signaling axis corresponding to microglia activation and inflammation. AST attenuated the activation of Notch/HES-1 and NF-κB signaling axis, thus reducing the inflammation. In summary, AST is a promising natural product to protect neurons from toxin-induced injury, indicating its therapeutic potential for neurological disorders. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Yang Hu, Xin Fang, Jun Wang, Teng-Teng Ren, Yu-Ying Zhao, Jing-Feng Dai, Xiao-Yan Qin, Rongfeng Lan. Astragalin attenuates AlCl3/D-galactose-induced aging-like disorders by inhibiting oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. Neurotoxicology. 2022 Jul;91:60-68

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    PMID: 35537655

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