Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Genetic variants in Rho GTPase Activating Protein 29 (ARHGAP29) have been associated with non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate, one of the most common human birth defects. Orofacial clefting results from the failure of facial processes to fuse during development which can be caused by defects in proliferation, adhesion, and/or migration. ARHGAP29 is widely expressed and preferentially interacts with the small GTPase RhoA, a critical modulator of the actin cytoskeleton required for cell morphology and migration. Therefore, we hypothesized that ARHGAP29 would play a critical role in keratinocyte migration. To test this hypothesis, we knocked down ARHGAP29 in a human keratinocyte cell line using both shRNA and CRISPR technologies. To assess migration, we used an in vitro scratch assay on a confluent keratinocyte monolayer and followed scratch closure over 24 hours. ARHGAP29 knockdown keratinocytes displayed significantly increased cell area and significant delays in scratch closure. By tracing single cells throughout the duration of scratch closure, we found that ARHGAP29 knockdown cells were significantly slower and showed defects in directionality that were rescued with a ROCK inhibitor, Y-27632, suggesting these migration defects are downstream of the RhoA pathway. Collectively, our results demonstrate that ARHGAP29 regulates keratinocyte morphology and promotes migration speed and directionality through the RhoA/ROCK pathway, providing potential insight into its importance in craniofacial development. © FASEB.


Lindsey Rhea, Bailey Garnica, Tanner Reeb, Elliot Dunnwald, Martine Dunnwald. ARHGAP29 Regulates Keratinocyte Migration through the RhoA/ROCK Pathway. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 2022 May;36 Suppl 1

PMID: 35556848

View Full Text