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Short stature is the second conspicuous characteristic of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), but the etiological mechanism is unclear. The proliferation of growth plate chondrocytes (GPCs) plays an essential role in longitudinal bone growth, and chondrocyte division deficiency can cause shortened limbs. However, few studies have reported the abnormal changes of growth plate and GPCs in OI. In this study, the cell proliferative performance of GPCs in heterozygous Col1a2oim/+ mice were studied and the underlying mechanism was explored by RNA-Sequencing. The results indicated that chondrocytes of Col1a2oim/+ background displayed impaired cell division when compared with cells of wild-type littermates. A group of differentially expressed genes involving chondrocyte proliferation related pathways including cell cycle, TGF-β signaling pathway and Hedgehog signaling pathway were identified. These dysregulated genes and pathways in GPCs of Col1a2oim/+ mice are likely to play an important role in their shortened long bones. Further investigations to reveal the effect of these genes on bone elongation not only facilitate the understanding of OI short stature, but also contribute to developing new treatments. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Zhe Lv, Yi Liu, Yaqing Jing, Yuxia Zhao, Chenyi Shao, Ting Fu, Zihan Wang, Guang Li. Impaired proliferation of growth plate chondrocytes in a model of osteogenesis imperfecta. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2022 Jul 12;613:146-152

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PMID: 35561582

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