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    The microrheological phenomenon of kaolin-filled polypropylene (kaolin/PP) composites was investigated for the first time. The microviscosity of kaolin/PP composites was studied by changing the melt temperature and shear rate. Then, injection moulding experiments of rectangular microgrooves with different aspect ratios using kaolin/PP composites and mechanical property tests of the samples were carried out. The results showed that with increasing kaolin content, the microviscosity of the kaolin/PP composites gradually increases. The shear rate had the greatest influence on the microviscosity, and the kaolin content had the least influence. When the aspect ratio of rectangular microgrooves is small, with an increasing kaolin content, the microgroove filling rate increases, and the microstructured sample geometric shape replication effect is good; however, when the aspect ratio reaches 10:1, the microgroove filling rate decreases with an increasing kaolin content. The microstructured sample geometric shape replication effect is also poor, and size effects appear. Different factors control the microrheological morphology of composites with different aspect ratios, including the shear deformation and viscous flow of composites. The increase in kaolin content leads to a decrease in the friction coefficient and an increase in the wear resistance of the composites. We concluded that the best composite formulation for kaolin/PP composites in microinjection is the 7KL/PP composite with 7% kaolin. When the aspect ratio is 5:1, the reproduction of the microstructured sample geometry is the best, and the comprehensive mechanical properties of the sample are the best.


    Yan Lou, Xiangwei Zhou, Dongyue Zhang, Fengyu Cheng. Microrheological Phenomenon and Mechanical Properties of High-Aspect-Ratio Microgroove Injection Moulding of Kaolin/PP Composites. International journal of molecular sciences. 2022 Apr 29;23(9)

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    PMID: 35563335

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