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While partial nephrectomy (PN) is generally preferred for localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC), radical nephrectomy (RN) is occasionally required. A new-baseline glomerular filtration rate (NBGFR) >45 ml/min/1.73 m2 after kidney cancer surgery is associated with strong survival outcomes. If NBGFR after RN will be above this threshold and the tumor has increased oncologic potential, RN may be a relevant consideration. Predicting NBGFR, defined as the GFR at 3-12 mo after RN, has been challenging owing to omission of two important parameters: split renal function (SRF) and renal function compensation (RFC). Our objective was to evaluate a simple SRF-based model in comparison to five published non-SRF-based models using data from a retrospective cohort of 445 RN patients. SRF was obtained via readily available semiautomated software (FUJIFILM Medical Systems) that provides differential parenchymal volume analysis on the basis of preoperative imaging. Our conceptually simple and clinically implementable SRF-based model more accurately predicts NBGFR after RN than five published non-SRF-based models (all p < 0.01). The SRF-based model also improved prediction of the clinically relevant threshold of NBGFR >45 ml/min/1.73 m2 (all p < 0.05). We validated a novel approach for more accurate prediction of kidney function after removal of one kidney. Our approach can be used in clinical and practice and will help in making decisions on full or partial removal of a kidney for kidney cancer. © 2022 The Author(s).


Nityam Rathi, Yosuke Yasuda, Diego Aguilar Palacios, Worapat Attawettayanon, Jianbo Li, Bimal Bhindi, R Houston Thompson, Michael A Liss, Ithaar H Derweesh, Christopher J Weight, Mohammed Eltemamy, Robert Abouassaly, Steven C Campbell. Split Renal Function Is Fundamentally Important for Predicting Functional Recovery After Radical Nephrectomy. European urology open science. 2022 Jun;40:112-116

PMID: 35572817

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