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    Supervised learning is constrained by the availability of labeled data, which are especially expensive to acquire in the field of digital pathology. Making use of open-source data for pre-training or using domain adaptation can be a way to overcome this issue. However, pre-trained networks often fail to generalize to new test domains that are not distributed identically due to tissue stainings, types, and textures variations. Additionally, current domain adaptation methods mainly rely on fully-labeled source datasets. In this work, we propose Self-Rule to Multi-Adapt (SRMA), which takes advantage of self-supervised learning to perform domain adaptation, and removes the necessity of fully-labeled source datasets. SRMA can effectively transfer the discriminative knowledge obtained from a few labeled source domain's data to a new target domain without requiring additional tissue annotations. Our method harnesses both domains' structures by capturing visual similarity with intra-domain and cross-domain self-supervision. Moreover, we present a generalized formulation of our approach that allows the framework to learn from multiple source domains. We show that our proposed method outperforms baselines for domain adaptation of colorectal tissue type classification in single and multi-source settings, and further validate our approach on an in-house clinical cohort. The code and trained models are available open-source: Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Christian Abbet, Linda Studer, Andreas Fischer, Heather Dawson, Inti Zlobec, Behzad Bozorgtabar, Jean-Philippe Thiran. Self-rule to multi-adapt: Generalized multi-source feature learning using unsupervised domain adaptation for colorectal cancer tissue detection. Medical image analysis. 2022 Jul;79:102473

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    PMID: 35576822

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