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The loss of dissolved organic matter (DOM), especially fulvic acid (FA), from soil by rainfall and runoff will reduce soil fertility and result in water pollution of DOM. Carbon materials including biochars (BCs) and activated carbons (ACs) are widely suggested for soil remediation and carbon immobilization. However, these suggested carbon materials are dominated by micropores, and largely limiting the adsorption capacity for FA. Therefore, a mesopore-rich activated carbon (KAC) with high surface area was prepared from bamboo chips to investigate the adsorption of FA. This KAC can adsorb FA more than ACs and BCs investigated in this study and reported in previous studies not only because of the high surface area (3108 m2/g), but also the higher mesopore volume proportion (57%). The negative pH effect on adsorption performance of KAC was weaker than that on AC and BC, because of the less polarity of KAC. Moreover, KAC was favorable to adsorb FA fractions with various molecular weights, higher aromaticity and higher polarity. This study indicated that KAC was a promising adsorbent for FA, and revealed the underlying adsorption mechanism of FA on KAC, which are helpful for the carbon immobilization and pollution control in soil. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Min Hu, Wenhao Wu, Daohui Lin, Kun Yang. Adsorption of fulvic acid on mesopore-rich activated carbon with high surface area. The Science of the total environment. 2022 Sep 10;838(Pt 1):155918

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PMID: 35577089

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