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    Emerging pesticide-resistant phytopathogenic bacteria have become a stumbling block in the development and use of pesticides. Quorum sensing (QS) blockers, which interfere with bacterial virulence gene expression, are a compelling way to manage plant bacterial disease without resistance. Herein, a series of isopropanolamine-decorated coumarin derivatives were designed and synthesized, and their potency in interfering with QS was investigated. Notably, compound A5 exhibited a better bioactivity with median effective concentration (EC50) values of 6.75 mg L-1 against Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) than bismerthiazol (EC50 = 21.9 mg L-1). Further biochemical studies revealed that compound A5 disturbed biofilm formation and suppressed bacterial virulence factors and so forth. Moreover, compound A5 decreased the expression of QS-related genes. Interestingly, compound A5 had the acceptable control effect (53.2%) toward Xoo in vivo. Overall, this study identifies a novel lead compound for the development of bactericide candidates to control plant bacterial diseases by interfering with QS.


    Yu-Mei Feng, Pu-Ying Qi, Wan-Lin Xiao, Tai-Hong Zhang, Xiang Zhou, Li-Wei Liu, Song Yang. Fabrication of Isopropanolamine-Decorated Coumarin Derivatives as Novel Quorum Sensing Inhibitors to Suppress Plant Bacterial Disease. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2022 May 25;70(20):6037-6049

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    PMID: 35579561

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