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This study conducts postmarketing surveillance for the photosensitised oxidation of vegetable oils (VOs) stored in different conditions in the marketplace during commercialisation. Coconut oil, palm kernel oil, soybean oil and sunflower oil were exposed to direct sunlight and kept in the dark for six weeks. The results showed a significant (p < 0.05) increase in PV and a severe decrease in the iodine value, chlorophyll, β-carotene, colour content, and the fatty acid compositions (oleic and linoleic acids mainly) in the light-exposed VOs. The FTIR analysis also identified the formation of the hydroperoxides (3444 cm-1), secondary oxidation products (1743 - 1723 cm-1) and the loss of the cis-disubstituted olefins (723 cm-1) bands in the light-exposed VOs. This indicated that oils exposed to light for an extended period of time could undergo photosensitised oxidation due to photosensitisers like chlorophyll. In contrast, the unexposed VOs showed no significant change (p > 0.05) in their chemical compositions. The photosensitised oxidation increased in the order: coconut oil < palm kernel oil < soybean oil < sunflower oil.


Daniel Dodoo, Francis Adjei, Samuel Kofi Tulashie, Stephen Awuku, Jacking Amenakpor, Harry Kwaku Megbenu. Postmarketing Surveillance for the Photosensitised Oxidation of Vegetable Oils in the Marketplace. Journal of oleo science. 2022 Jun 03;71(6):795-811

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PMID: 35584954

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